Head of the Department of Information Policy & Governance at the Faculty of Media & Knowledge Sciences of the University of Malta. Also Full Professor, holding the Chair of European Information Policy & Technology Law within the Faculty of Law, University of Groningen, The Netherlands and is additionally an Adjunct Professor at the Security Research Institute & School of Computer and Security Science, Edith Cowan University Australia. Vice-Chairman/Chairman of Council of Europe’s (CoE) Commmittee of Experts on Data Protection 1992-1998, Working Parties on: Data Protection and New technologies (1995-2000); Data Protection & Insurance (1994-1998); CoE Rapporteur on Data Protection and Police (1993; 2010; 2012); CoE Expert Consultant on Data Protection and Cybercrime (2012-2014); UNESCO Expert Consultant on Privacy & Transparency on the Internet (2015); Scientific Co-ordinator of multiple EU FP7 & H2020 research projects focussing on privacy. Decorated by the Republic of France as Officier de l'Ordre de Palmes Academiques (2002). Appointed UN Special Rapporteur on Privacy in 2015, a mandate renewed in 2018 until Augist 2021. His latest books include The Individual and Privacy (Routledge March 2015), Privacy, Free Expression & Transparency (UNESCO co-editor 2016-2017) and Handling and Exchanging Electronic Evidence across Europe (co-ed. Springer 2018).